The Jenkinson Monuments in Hawkesbury Church
Transcript taken from :Gloucestershire Notes and Queries,
Vol. V, 1891-1893.
Edited by W.P.W. Phillimore, M.A., B.C.L. Published in 1894. London, England.
Transcribed by Brenda Pickard (Starweaver)
The entries in the Hawkesbury parish
registers which relate to the well-known Gloucestershire family of Jenkinson, have been
given at p. 91, ante, and the banners of the Earls of Liverpool were described at p. 177.
We now print the descriptions of the six Jenkinson monuments in the Chancel of Hawkesbury
Church, with accurate copies of the inscriptions as they now exist. One of these is given
in Bigland's Gloucestershire, but it seems desirable to reproduce it here, not only for
the sake of completeness, but also to correct some errors which occur in the transcript
printed in that work.
1. On a flat blue stone on the chancel floor, on the north side and near the altar steps is this inscription:--
2. On a plain stone next to this and immediately west of it in the chancel
H. S. E.
MRS. AMELIA JENKINSON,
Late Wife of
the Moft Honourable
CHARLES JENKINSON Efqr.
3. On a large monument of white and yellow marbles on the north wall of the chancel near to the two slabs just mentioned are the arms of Jenkinson:--Azure on a fesse wavy argent, a cross pattee gules, and, in chief, two estoiles or, on a dexter canton the Ulster badge of a baronet.
Crest:--on a wreath or and azure, a sea horse assurgent or maned azure, holding in his forefeet a cross pattee gules. Beneath the arms is this inscription:--
In Memory of Sr ROBERT JENKINSON, Bart.
Who departed this Life Augft, 8th, in the Year of our Lord 1766, and in the 46th of his Age.
He was the eldeft Son of Sr. ROBERT BANKS JENKINSON, Bart., by Catharine his wife,
Third Daughter of Sr. ROBERT DASHWOOD, of Northbrook, in the County of Oxford Bart.
He married MARY, the Daughter of Sr. JONATHAN COPE, Bart.,
But left no Ifsue.
Yet let his Name be preferved to Pofterity,
For his filial Piety, his conjugal Love, and fraternal Affection;
And all those Virtues which best adorn the honeft English Gentleman, & sincere Christian,
Fortified with thefe he bore with patience a long & painful Illnefs,
Till he refign'd his Soul, with Faith & Confidence into the Hand of his Creator.
Disdain not Reader;
What, from too high a Veneration for more glaring & oftentatious Characters,
Thou mayft be taught to think a very humble Encomium;
For, remember that Purity of Life, and integrity of Manners,
Will receive the trueft Praise, at the laft Day,
From Him who is the fupreme Judge of all Virtue and Merit,
And who alone can afsign them their due Reward.
4. On a large mural tablet of white marble on the south wall of the chancel surmounted by an earl's coronet, is this inscription:--
SACRED TO THE MEMORY OF
CHARLES, EARL OF LIVERPOOL,
WHO, DURING THE LONG AND EVENTFUL REIGN OF GEORGE THE THIRD
FILLED VARIOUS AND IMPORTANT OFFICES OF TRUST AND RESPONSIBILITY
IN THE STATE.
DESCENDED FROM AN ANCIENT AND RESPECTABLE FAMILY,
LONG RESIDENT AT WALCOT, NEAR CHARLBURY, IN THE COUNTY OF OXFORD,
HE SAW, WHEN VERY YOUNG, ITS THEN REPRESENTATIVE OBLIGED TO ALIENATE THE FAMILY MANSION,
AND A CONSIDERABLE PORTION OF THE ESTATE.
BY HIS TALENTS, INDUSTRY, AND EXERTIONS, DURING THE COURSE OF A LONG AND SUCCESSFUL LIFE,
HE RAISED HIMSELF TO THE DIGNITY OF THE PEERAGE;
FIRST, AS BARON HAWKESBURY, OF HAWKESBURY, IN THE COUNTY OF GLOUCESTER;
AND AFTERWARDS AS EARL OF LIVERPOOL;
AND HE HAD THE HAPPINESS OF TRANSMITTING THOSE HONORS (TOGETHER WITH THE BARONETAGE
AND REMAINDER OF THE FAMILY ESTATE, TO WHICH HE HAD SUCCEEDED IN 1790,) TO HIS POSTERITY.
AS A STATESMAN, HE WILL BE LONG REMEMBERED
FOR THE MANY IMPORTANT PUBLIC MEASURES WHICH HE ORIGINATED,
MORE ESPECIALLY FOR THOSE WHICH HAD FOR THEIR OBJECT
THE IMPROVEMENT OF THE NAVIGATION AND COMMERCE OF GREAT BRITAIN
AS AN AUTHOR, HE ACQUIRED THE GREATEST CELEBRITY, FROM
1ST HIS DISCOURSE ON THE ESTABLISHMENT OF A NATIONAL AND CONSTITUTIONAL FORCE IN ENGLAND, IN 1756.
2NDLY A DISCOURSE ON THE CONDUCT OF GREAT BRITAIN IN RESPECT TO NEUTRAL NATIONS, IN 1758.
3RDLY A TREATISE ON THE COINS OF THE REALM, IN A LETTER TO THE KING, IN 1805.
THE TWO LAST OF THESE TREATISES ARE UNIVERSALLY CONSIDERED
AS STANDARD BOOKS ON THE IMPORTANT SUBJECTS TO WHICH THEY RELATE,
AND AFFORD PROOFS OF EXTENSIVE READING, SOUND PRINCIPLES, AND DEEP THINKING,
NEVER SURPASSED IN ANY WORKS ON POLITICAL LAW, OR POLITICAL ECONOMY.
IT WAS IMPOSSIBLE FOR A PUBLICK SERVANT, SO SITUATED, AND SO DISTINGUISHED, NOT TO FEEL
A STRONG AND SINCERE ATTACHMENT TO THE GRACIOUS SOVERIGN
IN WHOSE SERVICE HE CONTINUED UPWARDS OF FORTY YEARS;
AND IN THE LAST YEARS OF HIS LIFE HE HAD AN OPPORTUNITY OF EXPRESSING HIS FEELINGS
TO THAT BELOVED SOVERIGN,
IN THE DEDICATION OF HIS TREATISE ON THE COIN OF THE REALM.
HE WAS TWICE MARRIED;
FIRST, TO AMELIA, DAUGHTER OF WILLIAM WATTS, ESQ.RE FORMERLY GOVERNOR OF FORT WILLIAM, IN BENGAL;
SHE DIED IN 1770.
BY HER HE HAD ONE SON, ROBERT BANKS JENKINSON, BORN JUNE THE 8TH. 1770.
WHO SUCCEEDED HIM IN HIS TITLE AND ESTATES.
SECONDLY, TO CATHERINE, DAUGHTER OF SIR CECIL BISHOPP, BART. AND WIDOW OF SIR CHARLES COPE, BART.
BY WHOM HE HAD ONE SON AND DAUGHTER:
CHARLES CECIL COPE, BORN MAY 29TH, 1784 AND
CHARLOTTE, MARRIED TO THE HONBLE JAMES WALTER GRIMSTON, NOW EARL OF VERULAM:
BORN JUNE THE 8TH 1783.
BORN MAY 16TH. 1729. DIED DECEMBER 17TH. 1808.
on a lower panel:--
HERE REPOSETH ALL THAT WAS MORTAL OF
AMELIA, WIFE OF CHARLES JENKINSON, AFTERWARDS EARL OF LIVERPOOL.
SHE WAS THE ELDEST DAUGHTER OF WILLIAM WATTS, ESQRE
FIRST A MEMBER AND THEN PRESIDENT OF THE COUNCIL, AT FORT WILLIAM IN BENGAL,
DURING THE MEMORIAL PERIOD
WHEN THE BRITISH AUTHORITY AND INFLUENCE FIRST ACQUIRED THE ASCENDANCY IN INDIA.
SHE DIED, ALAS! ON THE 12TH, OF JULY, 1770, AT THE AGE OF 19,
FROM HAVING GIVEN BIRTH TO HER ONLY CHILD, ROBERT BANKS JENKINSON
HENCE, ADULATION! TO PROUD SCULPTURE FLY,
NOR WOUND THIS HONEST MARBLE WITH A LIE;
THE TRUTH, SHE LOV'D, INSCRIBES HER GENTLE DUST,
WHICH ALMOST BLUSHES YET, AT PRAISE, THO' JUST.
OF SYMMETRY, THE COLDEST BREAST TO CHARM,
OF MODESTY, TO CHECK A WISH TOO WARM;
OF MANNERS SOFT, BY ELEGANCE REFIN'D,
NATURE'S PURE GIFT, WITH NOT AN ART COMBIN'D;
o'ER EV'RY GESTURE, ALL SHE LOOK'D OR SAID,
PROPRIETY ITS HAPPY INFLUENCE SHED;
IN HER SOFT CONVERSE, CHEERFULLY SEDATE,
JOY ASSUM'D WINGS, AND GRIEF FORGOT ITS WEIGHT:
SUPERIOR TO THE WORLD, IN LIFE'S GAY STAGE
SHE LIV'D, A HEAV'N-BORN PATTERN TO THE AGE.
5. A mural tablet of white marble mounted on black marble, at the top of which are
sculptured the arms with supporters, crest and motto of the second Earl of Liverpool. This
is against the north wall of the chancel, over the door, and west of the large monument
(No. 3), to Sir Robert Jenkinson, Bart.
Arms:--Azure on a fesse wavy argent, a cross pattee gules, and in chief, two estoiles or, and as an honourable augmentation granted to the Earl and his descendants, on a chief also wavy argent the arms of Liverpool, a cormorant sable, beaked and legged gules, holding in his beak a piece of seaweed, called laver inverted vert, ( the Baronet's Ulster badge has been omitted in the arms.)
Supporters:--Two hawks, wings elevated and inverted ppr., each charged on the breast with a cross pattee. Crest on a wreath, a sea-horse assurgent. Motto, Palma non sine pulvere. Underneath is the following inscription:--
IN MEMORY OF
SIR ROBERT BANKS JENKINSON, K.G.
SECOND EARL OF LIVERPOOL.
BORN JUNE 8TH 1770.
THIS EMINENT MINISTER ENTERED THE PUBLIC SERVICE EARLY IN LIFE,
AND WAS, DURING THE LIFETIME OF HIS FATHER,
SUMMONED TO THE HOUSE OF LORDS, AS BARON HAWKESBURY,
ON THE ASSASINATION OF MR.PERCIVAL, IN 1812, HE WAS
APPOINTED PRIME MINISTER, WHICH OFFICE HE HELD FOR A LONG AND
GLORIOUS PERIOD WITHOUT INTERRUPTION, UNTIL 1827,
WHEN BY A PARALYTIC SEIZURE THE COUNTRY WAS DEPRIVED OF HIS SERVICES.
HE DIED WITHOUT ISSUE IN DECEMBER 1828;
AND WAS BURIED IN THE VAULT BENEATH.
HE MARRIED 1ST LADY LOUISA THEODORA * HARVEY, 3RD DAUGHTER OF THE
BISHOP OF DERRY, 4TH EARL OF BRISTOL; SHE DIED IN 1821;
AND 2NDLY, MARY, DAUGHTER OF CHARLES CHESTER ESQRE FORMERLY BAGOT,
BROTHER OF THE 1ST. LORD BAGOT, SHE DIED IN 1846,
HE WAS SUCEEDED BY HIS HALF-BROTHER,
SIR CHARLES CECIL COPE JENKINSON, 3RD EARL OF LIVERPOOL,
BORN IN 1784, DIED IN OCTOBER 1851, WITHOUT ISSUE MALE,
WHEN THE EARLDOM BECAME EXTINCT AND THE BARONETCY PASSED TO HIS COUSIN,
SIR CHARLES JENKINSON, 10TH. BARONET, HE DIED WITHOUT ISSUE MALE IN MARCH 1855,
AND WAS SUCCEEDED BY HIS NEPHEW, SIR GEORGE SAMUEL JENKINSON,
THE PRESENT AND 11TH BARONET BY WHOM AFTER A LAPSE OF 30 YEARS
THIS TABLET IS ERRECTED AS A TRIBUTE OF RESPECT
AND REGARD TO THE MEMORY OF THE 2ND EARL.
* The name of Lord Liverpool's 1st wife is spelt as above on the monument, but it is an error of the sculptor, and should be Lady Louisa Theodosia Hervey. She was buried here, but there is no monument to her memory. The second wife was buried in the north west corner of the Church- yard of Kingston-on-Thames parish church. Sir Charles Jenkinson, tenth baronet, and his wife, are also buried at Hawkesbury, but there is no monument to their memory.
The name of the Sculptor is carved at the foot:-
6. On a brass plate about 24 inches by 13 inches in size, mounted on black marble and fixed to the south wall of the chancel, eastward of the monument (No. 4), to the first Earl of Liverpool, is this inscription:--
IN MEMORY OF THEIR ANCESTORS BURIED IN THIS CHANCEL, AND OF LOUISA
THE BELOVED WIFE OF CECIL GEORGE SAVILE FOLJAMBE of Cockglode, Notts; WHO DIED
7 OCT., 1871; AGED 29; AND IS LAID WITH HER 2ND SON, IN THE VAULT AT SCOFTON. THIS BRASS
IS ERECTED BY HER HUSBAND AND HIS MOTHER, THE SENIOR SURVIVING REPRESENTATIVES
OF CHARLES CECIL COPE, 3RD AND LAST EARL OF LIVERPOOL, WHO DIED 3 OCT. 1851, AGED 67,
AND WAS BURIED AT BUXTED, SUSSEX; LEAVING BY JULIA EVELYN MEDLEY HIS WIFE, SOLE DAU.
AND HEIR OF SIR GEORGE AUG. WM. SHUCKBURGH-EVELYN BT., 3 DAUS. AND COHEIRS,
OF WHOM THE ELDEST DIED WITHOUT ISSUE, AND THE SECOND IS SELINA CHARLOTTE,
VISCOUNTESS MILTON, THE MOTHER OF THE ABOVE MENTIONED CECIL G. S. FOLJAMBE.
Upon this brass are six following shields of arms:--
1. In the centre at the top:--Foljambe, quartering, 2 Thornhagh, 3 Savile, 4 Jenkinson, Earl of Liverpool, 5 Ottley of Pitchford, 6 Shuckburgh, 7 Evelyn, 8 Medley, and impaling Howard, (Earl of Carlisle,) quarterly of six. 1 Howard, 2 Brotherton, 3 Warren, 4 Mowbray, 5 Dacre, 6 Greystoke.
2. The left hand (dexter) upper shield is Howard, quarterly of six as before, for Mrs. Foljambe's father.
3. The left hand lower shield is Howard, impaling Lambton for Mrs. Foljambe's grandfather and his wife; he was the Honble Fredk Howard, Major 10th Hussars, who was killed at Waterloo, the "young gallant Howard," of Byron's Childe Harold, canto. iii., stanza 29.
4. The right hand (sinister) upper shield is Cavendish, quarterly of 6. 1 Cavendish, 2 Hardwick, 3 Boyle (Earl of Burlington), 4 Clifford (Earl of Cumberland), 5 Savile (Marquis of Halifax), 6 Compton (Earl of Northampton), for Mrs. Foljambe's mother, daughter of Wm Cavendish, and only sister of William seventh Duke of Devonshire.
5. The right hand lower shield is Cavendish, impaling O'Callaghan for Mrs. Foljambe's maternal grandfather and grandmother.
6. The middle lower shield is Jenkinson and quarterings, 1 Jenkinson (Earl of Liverpool), 2 Jenkinson (ancient), 3 Lee, 4 Bankes, 5 Tomlins, 6 Cornwall, 7 Bisshopp, 8 Ottley, 9 Jenkinson (as No. 2).
Whilst these lines were being written, the news has come of the death of Sir George Samuel Jenkinson, eleventh bart., which took place at Eastwood Park, at 6 o'clock on Tuesday morning, 19 January, 1892, aged 74 years.
He was only taken ill on the previous Friday, when he caught a slight cold, which developed into influenza the following morning, and pneumonia setting in, he became rapidly worse, and died on Tuesday morning, as already mentioned. He was the eldest surviving son of the Rt Revd John Bankes Jenkinson, D. D., Bishop of St. Davids, and Frances Augusta his wife, 3rd daughter of Augustus Pechell, Esq., and was born 27 Sept., 1817, was educated at Winchester, and entering the army, served successively in the Rifle Brigade, 11th Hussars, and 8th Hussars. He succeeded to the baronetcy and family estates at Hawkesbury and Falfield, Gloucestershire and at Leigh, near Cricklade, in Wiltshire, on the death without issue male of his uncle Sir Charles Jenkinson, tenth baronet, who died at Paris, 6 March, 1855, aged 76, and on coming into possession, at once devoted himself to the improvement of the property, and built the church, vicarage, and school, at Falfield. he also built the house at Eastwood, near Falfield, where he lived for the remainder of his life, having first pulled down a portion of a house which the second Lord Liverpool had begun, but never completed, owing to the pressure of public business throughout his long career.
Sir George was deputy lieutenant of Gloucestershire, and a magistrate for this county and for Wilts, was chairman of the Thornbury bench, and served as High Sheriff of Gloucestershire in 1862. He was a strong conservative, and contested North Wilts unsuccessfully in 1865, and Nottingham in 1866, but was returned for North Wilts at the general election in 1868, and sat for that constituency till April, 1880, when he resigned owing to ill-health. He married, 31 July 1845, Emily Sophia, eldest daughter of Anthony L. Lyster, of Stillorgan Park, co. Dublin, by whom he had two sons and three daughters. His younger son predeceased him, and the second daughter died young. His younger daughter is the widow of the late Viscount Maidstone, and the elder daughter is unmarried. His only surviving son George Bankes Jenkinson, of the Elms, Stone, near Falfield, succeeds him as twelfth bart., was formerly Captain in the 4th Battalion Gloucestershire Regiment, and is a Magistrate for Gloucestershire. He married at Berkeley parish church on Tuesday, 10 August, 1880, Madeline Holme, daughter of Arthur Holme Sumner, of Rose Villa, Hugh-Pittville, Cheltenham, and has issue two sons and one daughter.
Sir George Samuel Jenkinson was buried in his new vault at the west end of Falfield churchyard at 2.30 p.m., on Saturday afternoon 23 January, 1892. The only previous burial in it was that of his second son Robert Anthony Banks, who died from the result of an accident on Wednesday, 21 June, 1882, in his 22 year. The parliamentary service of this family is worthy of notice; all the baronets with the exception of the fifth and sixth have sat in the House of Commons. The first four barts. successively represented Oxfordshire; the first in four Parliaments, from 1654 to his death in 1677; the second in nine Parliaments, from 1688 to his death in Jan., 1709-10; the third in four Parliaments, from 1709 to his death in 1717; the fourth in two Parliaments, from 1717 to 1727, and they championed successfully the cause of the country party against the powerful influence of the great Duke of Malborough and the Court party. The fifth bart. was an unsuccessful candidate, and the sixth also never sat in Parliament, but his successor, the seventh baronet, before he was raised to the peerage, sat for Cockermouth, 1761-67, for Appleby, 1767-72, Harwich, 1772-74, Hastings, 1774-80, and Saltash, 1780-86. His son, the second Earl and eighth baronet, had sat for Appleby in 1790, for Rye, 1790 to 1803, when he was called up to the House of Lords in his father's barony of Hawkesbury. His brother and successor the third Earl and ninth bart., had sat for Sandwich, from 1807-12, for Bridgnorth, 1812-18, and for East Grinstead, 1818-28. The tenth bart. represented Dover from 1806 to 1818, and the eleventh bart. just deceased sat for North Wiltshire from 1868 to 1880, as above mentioned. His grandfather, Colonel John Jenkinson, had represented Corfe Castle, in two parliaments, 1768-82.
Whilst correcting the proof of the above lines for the press, the announcement has come of the death of the dowager Lady Jenkinson, widow of Sir George. She died at Eastwood Park, on Tuesday, 23 February, 1892, aged 65 years, having only survived her husband five weeks, and was laid by the side of her husband in the family vault in Falfield churchyard at 2.30 p.m. on Saturday afternoon, 27 February, 1892, exactly five weeks after Sir George's funeral there.
It is somewhat curious that Sir George's predecessor in baronetcy (Sir Charles) and his wife also died within a few weeks of one another, she in February, and he in March, 1855, when they were buried in the vault at Hawkesbury as has been already mentioned.
CECIL G. S. FOLJAMBE.